Epinephrine inj, USP, 0.1 mg/ml, 1mg/10ml, luer-lock prefilled syringe, IMS
Epinephrine’s cardiac effects may be of use in the treatment and prophylaxis of cardiac arrest due to various causes in the absence of ventricular fibrillation and attacks of transitory atrioventricular (AV) heart block with syncopal seizures (Stokes-Adams syndrome), but it is not used in cardiac failure or in hemorrhagic, traumatic or in cardiogenic shock. Epinephrine may be used to stimulate the heart in syncope due to complete heart block or carotid sinus hypersensitivity. Epinephrine is also used for resuscitation in cardiac arrest following anesthetic accidents. In cardiopulmonary resuscitation, intracardiac puncture and intramyocardial injection of epinephrine may be effective when external cardiac compression and attempts to restore the circulation by electrical defibillation or use of a pacemaker fail. Epinephrine is seldom used as a vasopressor except in the treatment of anaphylactic shock and under certain conditions in insulin shock.
Epinephrine should not be used in the presence of cardiac dilatation or coronary insufficiency.
Epinephrine is contraindicated in shock during general anesthesia with halogenated hydrocarbons or cyclopropane, and in individuals with organic brain damage. Epinephrine is also contraindicated with local anesthesia of certain areas; e.g., fingers, toes, because of the danger of vasoconstriction producing sloughing of tissue; also contraindicated in labor because it may delay the second stage.
Epinephrine should not be used in those cases where vasopressor drugs may be contraindicated, e.g., in thyrotoxicosis, diabetes, in obstetrics when maternal blood pressure is in excess of 130/80, and in hypertension and other cardiovascular disorders.